1. Aarseth, Espen J.  Cybertext: Perspectives on Ergodic Literature.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1997.
  2. Altman, Rick. Mastering Coreldraw 7. 3rd Edition. San Francisco: Sybex, 1997.
  3. Barton, Ruth. Hedy Lamarr: The Most Beautiful Woman in Film. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2010.
  4. A Century of Film Scandal, eds. Adrienne L. McLean and David A. Cook.  Rutgers UP, 2001. 129-42.​
  5. Cortázar, Julio.  We Love Glenda So Much and Other Tales.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1983.
  6. Couey, Anna.  “The birth of spread spectrum: How ‘The Bad Boy Of Music’ and ‘The Most Beautiful Girl In The World’
  7. Catalyzed A Wireless Revolution–In 1941.
  8. Craddock, Ashley.  “Privacy Implications of Hedy Lamarr’s Idea.”
  9. “El Rivetor.” The World. New York, April 12, 1927. Cited by Whitesit, 28.
  10. Fischer, Lucy. “Ecstasy: Female Sexual, Social, and Cinematic Scandal,”  Headline Hollywood:
  11. Fleming Meeks, Fleming. Forbes, May 14, 1990.
  12. Gitelman, Lisa.  “Media, Materiality, and the Measure of the Digital; or, The Case of Sheet Music and the Problem of Piano Rolls.”  Memory Bytes: History, Technology, and Digital Culture.  Eds. Lauren Rabinovitz and Abraham Geil.  Durham: Duke UP, 2004.  119-217.
  13. Jahshan, Paul.  Cybermapping and the Writing of Myth.  New York: Peter Lang, 2007.
  14. Kaysen, Susannah. Girl, Interrupted. Turtle Bay Books. 1993.
  15. Louis, Guy. “Creating a Goddess Studio.” [Website no longer extant.]
  16. Malraux, André.  Man’s Fate (La Conditione humaine).  New York: The Modern Library, 1933.
  17. Markey, Hedy Kiesler and George Antheil. “Secret Communication System, Patent 2,292,387.” United States Patent Office. August 13, 1942.
  18. Misch, George. Calling Hedy Lamarr. 2004.
  19. Neuberg, Matt. “CorelDRAW 8: A Hedy Experience.” Tidbits: Mac news for the rest of us.  30 Nov 1998.
  20. Norman, Charles. Ezra Pound. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1960.
  21. Ottaviani, Jim.  Dignifying Science: Stories about Women Scientists.  2nd ed.  Ann Arbor: G.T.   Labs, 2003. 
  22. Pierce, John R.  An Introduction to Information Theory: Symbols, Signals and Noise.  2nd edition.  New York: Dover Publications, 1980.
  23. Pierce, John R. and A. Michael Noll.  Signals: The Science of Telecommunications.  New York: Scientific American Library, 1990.
  24. Porter, Margaret. Beautiful Invention: A Novel of Hedy Lamarr. New York: Galicia Press, 2018.
  25. Pound, Ezra.  “Machine Art (1927-1930).”  Machine Art & Other Writings: The Lost Thought of the Italian Years.  Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.  57-83.
  26. —.  Antheil and the Treatise on Harmony.  Chicago: Pascal Covici, 1927.
  27. Lamarr, Hedy [?].  Ecstasy and Me: My Life as a Woman.  New York: Bartholomew House, 1966.
  28. Rhodes, Richard. Hedy’s Folly: The Life and Breakthrough Invention of Hedy Lamarr, the Most Beautiful Woman in the World. New York: Doubleday, 2011.
  29. Shearer, Stephen Michael. Beautiful: The Life of Hedy Lamarr. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2010.
  30. Solanas, Valerie.  Scum Manifesto.  New York: A K Press, 1996.
  31. Spooky, DJ. aka Paul D. Miller. Heliocentric Thirsty Ear Recordings. 2009.
  32. Rhythm Science. MIT Press, 2004.
  33. —Sound Unbound. MIT Press, 2008.
  34. Under the Influence. Six Degrees Records. 2001.
  35. Sprenger, Polly.  “Corel Caught Digging for Dirt.”
  36. Tavel, Ronald. Hedy. 1966.
  37. Walters, Rob. Spread Spectrum: Hedy Lamarr and the Mobile Phone. New York: Satin Publishers, 2005.
  38. Weise, Elizabeth.  “Hedy Lamarr-Inventor: A sultry screen star who didn’t just act—she invented.”
  39. Whitesitt, Linda.  The Life and Music of George Antheil: 1900-1959.  Ann Arbor: UMI Press, 1981.
  40. Wilson, Robert.. Pocket Books, 1968.


Algiers. Dir. John Cromwell. Walte Wanger Productions. 1938.

Come Live with Me. Dir. Clarence Brown. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1941.

Comrade X. Dir. King Vidor. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1940.

The Conspirators. Dir. Jean Negulesko. Warner Bros. Pictures. 1944.

Crossroads.  Dir. Jack Conway. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1942.

Dishonored Lady. Dir. Robert Stevenson. United Artists. 1947.

Ecstasy. Dir. Gustav Machaty. 1933.

Experiment Perilous. Dir. Dir. Jacques Tourneur. RKO Pictures. 1944.

Girl, Interrupted.Dir. James Mangold. Columbia Pictures. 1999.

My Favorite Spy. Dir. Norman Z. McLeod. Paramount Pictures. 1951.

The Heavenly Body. Dir. Alexander Hall. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1944.

H. M. Pulham, Esq. Dir. King Vidor. 1941.

I Take this Woman. Dir. W. S. Van Dyke. MGM. 1941.

Lady of the Tropics. Dir. Jack Conway. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1939.

Let’s Live a Little. Dir. Richard Wallace. Eagle-Lion Films. 1948.

Loves of Three Queens. Dir. Marc Allegret and Edgar G. Elmer. 1954.

Samson and Dalilah. Dir. Cecile B. DeMille. Paramount Pictures. 1949.

Simone. Director: Andrew Nicool. New Line Cinema, 2002.

The Imitation Game.Morton Tyldum. The Weinstein Company. 2014.

Souls for Sale.  Dir. Robert Hughes. Goldwyn. 1923.

The Strange Woman. Dir. Edgar G. Ulmer. 1946.

Tortilla Flat. Dir. Victor Fleming. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1942.

White Cargo. Dir. Richard Thorpe. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1942.

Ziegfeld Girl. Dir. Robert Z. Leonard. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1941.